Job ID 71469
Canada is a party to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Asylum Seekers, thereby committing to accepting asylum seekers. The Convention emphasizes the prevention of refoulement of asylum seekers in this country and the evaluation of asylum applications. Canada does not deport any asylum seeker under the provisions of this Convention to a country where they are at risk of persecution or persecution.
This article provides information on the process and conditions of seeking asylum in Canada.
Asylum in Canada is accepted by people who present satisfactory reasons and prove their claims in the areas of torture, persecution, religious beliefs, political beliefs or membership in certain social groups. These reasons must be in such a way as to convince the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB). The applicant must convince the panel that he is under serious threat of death or torture in his country and cannot return to his country of origin. If not, the asylum application may be rejected and the applicant returned to his country.
How do I apply for asylum?
There are two ways to apply for asylum in Canada; One way to apply for asylum is to submit an application at Canadian borders or ports of entry, and the other way is to apply for Immigration Refugees Citizenship (IRCC) after a period in Canada. Ask for asylum. In both cases, the application is referred to the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) and this board will make the final decision on the applications.
Online application submission
The submission of an asylum application in Canada is made by the applicant himself or on behalf of the applicant. After entering the territory of Canada or after the expiration of the visa period of this country, the applicant himself goes to the website of the Canadian Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship Agency and downloads and fills the representation form. To submit an application, the applicant first creates an account on this website, for which the applicant must have a personal email address. To create an account, applicants should visit this official link and click on the Create an account option or go directly to the Asylum Protection Portal.to go After creating an account, the Canadian Asylum Protection Portal page will appear which is the main asylum application form. Applicants fill these forms online and answer the relevant questions. After completing the forms, the applicant’s asylum application number or code will be displayed on their account page in this online system. In addition to himself, the applicant can apply for asylum for his life partner (wife or husband) and children in this portal.
If the applicant wants another person or lawyer to submit the asylum application on his/her behalf, in that case the applicant can go to this official link to download the authorization form for representative or lawyer and then go to this link Download the representation form and then fill both forms. By filling out this form, the applicant submits his/her authorization to the representative during the asylum process. In any case, asylum application forms are submitted entirely through the online system.
Evaluation of the application
After applicants submit their application online, Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship Canada reviews it to ensure that all required documents and forms have been submitted. If the documents are incomplete, the agency will contact the applicant and request the relevant documents. After completing the required documents, the following will be displayed or uploaded in the applicant’s account or online system:
- Acknowledgment of Claim Letter, based on which the applicant will have access to federal health services and other services in Canada for a short period of time
- Instructions for completing health checks
- Date and time of meeting with asylum officer
After uploading the documents in the online system, the applicants will be notified immediately through their email.
Meeting with the asylum officer
Applicants go to Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship Canada at a certain time and meet with an asylum officer. Applicants must carry all necessary documents including passport and ID card at the time of appointment. During this visit, the applicant’s application is reviewed, biometric information such as fingerprints and photo and copies of documents required for asylum are taken. Applicants provide sufficient documentation of their activities in their country of origin and the threats they face to convince the officer that they are eligible for asylum. In this agency, the eligibility of the asylum request is decided and the applicant is instructed to take any further steps. If no decision is reached at this meeting, Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship Canada will invite you again for an interview at a certain time.
Applicants will appear for the interview with all the required documents on time. In this interview, the request of the applicant is taken seriously. In this interview, the applicant must convince the officer that he is eligible for asylum. During this interview, it is decided whether the applicant is eligible or not. If the applicant is considered eligible, the following documents will be provided to the applicant:
- Refugee Protection Claimant Document
- Confirmation of Referral Letter confirming that the application has been referred to the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB).
Based on the documents provided after the interview, the concerned persons will be recognized as asylum seekers in Canada and will have access to federal health services and other essential services in this country for a short period of time. Afterwards, the applicant’s application is referred to the Immigration and Asylum Canada Board (IRB) to complete the next steps.
IR B decision steps
The final decision on asylum is the responsibility of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). An employee of this agency submits the asylum application to the committee after preliminary investigations and puts it in the queue for decision. The Immigration and Asylum Board has the authority to include the decision on the asylum application in the expedited process, provided that the applicant has submitted the necessary documents to prove the threat to himself and the board has no further questions. . In the expedited process, the panel has the authority to accept the applicant’s request without holding a meeting or meeting and send him its decision regarding the asylum request.
A hearing session
The applicant will be informed about the date of the hearing or hearing session and the date of the special hearing session. The applicant submits all documents and evidence supporting his or her claims and statements to the Asylum Protection Division of the Immigration and Asylum Protection Board (IRB) of Canada at least 10 days before the hearing.
If the applicant does not attend the hearing, he must appear at the special hearing and explain why he did not attend the regular hearing. At the special hearing, the panel will decide whether to stop or continue processing the applicant’s application. If it is decided to postpone the assessment of the application, the applicant cannot apply for asylum in Canada in the future.
Therefore, the applicant must attend the meeting on a certain date and time so that his asylum request can be examined and a decision made about it. In this meeting, the applicants present their request to all the members of the meeting and answer their questions. If the applicant has witnesses to prove his claim, his witnesses will also testify to corroborate his statements. The applicant explains, and may have a witness testify, that the applicant is at risk of persecution or persecution based on race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion in his or her country of origin, thereby violating the Geneva Conventions or Asylum applications are conditional under Canadian law. The members of the hearing may make a decision on the asylum application and tell the applicant the decision orally at the end of the hearing, or they may send the decision to the applicant by postal service within one month. The hearing session usually lasts half a day. Members of the IRB and representatives of the IRCC will also be present at the meeting. The meeting can be held in person or online via video conference. For more information on how to prepare for the hearingVisit the IRB website .
What happens if the application is rejected?
In any case, the applicant will receive a written decision from the IRB, which will explain the decision and the reasons why the application was accepted or rejected. If the applicant’s application is rejected, the decision will be followed by instructions that the applicant can appeal to the Refugee Appeal Division (RAD) or submit an application to the Federal Court. If the appeal is also rejected, the applicant’s temporary asylum and protection status ends and he must leave Canada. It is worth mentioning that until the final decision of the Immigration and Asylum Agency, the applicant cannot travel from Canada to another country for the purpose of travel and if he does, his application will be canceled.
If the request is accepted?
If the IRB approves the application, the applicant receives “protected person” status. This means that the applicant can stay in Canada and apply for a Canadian permanent residence permit.
After receiving a positive decision from the Immigration and Asylum Board, the applicant is considered eligible to submit an application for permanent residence in Canada. At this stage applicants prepare their permanent residence application and its official link to Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship Canada.send through After receiving the application for permanent residence, the agency sends the applicant’s documents to complete the next steps and sends an e-mail to the applicant to confirm this. In the first step, the conditions of the applicant for a permanent visa are checked, and in the next step, the conditions of his life partner and children who live in his country of origin or another third country are checked. The applicant then obtains his permanent residence certificate during a short interview with an asylum officer at IRCC. At the same time, the applicant can apply for a passport or Refugee Travel Document. At this time, the applicant is also eligible for health insurance or health card.
Time from submission of application to acceptance
It usually takes 6 to 24 months from the submission of the application to IRCC until the final decision is issued. It may take more than 36 months for asylum applications to be approved if serious background checks are required. All these stages of asylum application can take from 2 to 5 years from start to finish. But during this period, after receiving a passport, asylum seekers can travel from Canada to other countries and meet their wives and children in other countries outside of their original country.
Help and advice
Read information about seeking asylum in Canada on the Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship Canada website . For more information on how to submit an online application for Canadian asylum, visit this official link . You can refer to this link to know the criteria for acceptance of applications in IRB .